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Common Weeds Found In Turf

Liquid Lawn Weed Identification Guide

Common Weeds Found in Turf

Liquid Lawn Weed Identification Guide

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American Burnweed

– (Erechtites Hieraciifolius)

American Burnweed

Simazine, Specticle and FreeHand provide pre-emergence control of burnweed. Celsius, Confront, Tribute Total, and Blindside (metsulfuron + sulfentrazone) provide excellent postemergence control.

Annual Sedge

– (Cyperus compressus)

Annual Sedge Lawn Care Macon / Warner Robins

Monument (trifloxysulfuron), Certainty (sulfosulfuron), and Dismiss South (sulfentrazone +imazethapyr) provide excellent annual sedge control.

Annual Bluegrass

– (Poa annua)

Poa Annua Lawn Care Macon / Warner Robins

It is difficult to achieve complete control of annual bluegrass with a single pre or post herbicide application. Preemergence and postemergence treatment may be needed. To achieve pre-emergent control with herbicides such as Specticle (indaziflam), Barricade (prodiamine), Pendulum (pendimethalin), and Dimension (dithiopyr), apply on August 15 and water immediately. Specticle can be applied later because it has postemergence activity on small annual bluegrass. In Bermudagrass, one of the cheapest and easiest ways to control Poa annua is to use glyphosate while Bermudagrass is completely dormant. Revolver (foramsulfuron), TranXit (rimsulfuron), and Monument (trifloxysulfuron) will provide postemergence Poa annua control without damaging partially green Bermudagrass or Zoysia grass. Simazine and atrazine are effective pre-emergence and postemergence treatments on annual bluegrass that has not tilled.

Bahiagrass

– (Paspalum notatum)

Bahia Grass Lawn Care Macon / Warner Robins

Metsulfuron (Manor, Blade or Mansion) is a good choice for bahiagrass control in bermudagrass. Make two applications of metsulfuron 60 DF at one ounce of product per acre three to four weeks apart. Do not use over the root zone of desirable trees and ornamentals. Add 0.25% nonionic surfactant. In centipedegrass, Segment (sethoxydim) may be used to control bahiagrass.

Bermudagrass

– (Cynodon dactylon)

Bermuda Grass Lawn Care Macon / Warner Robins

Preplant control. Make three or four applications of 41% glyphosate or higher at 2 to 3 quarts per acre over the growing season (May, July, and September).Wait for regrowth before making the next application. Using this method does not guarantee complete control. Tank mixing with 24 fluid ounces per acre of Fusilade II may improve control. Do not seed for 30 days after applying Fusilade II. Selective Suppression In zoysiagrass or tall fescue, use Fusilade II (fluazifop) at 6 fluid ounces per acre plus Turflon Ester at 32 fluid ounces per acre to suppress bermudagrass. Begin around June 1 and repeat every four weeks unless the zoysiagrass has not recovered from the first application. (Photo: Bermudagrass in zoysia grass.) In centipedegrass, Segment (sethoxydim) may be used at 24 fluid ounces per acre to suppress bermudagrass, bahiagrass and other weedy grasses. Do not apply Segment sooner than three weeks after greenup and more than twice per season. Do not tank mix sethoxydim with other pesticides or fertilizers.

Carolina Geranium

– (Geranium carolinianum)

Carolina Geranium Lawn Care Macon / Warner Robins

Effective control requires a tank mix of a postemergence herbicide with simazine oratrazine. Typical mixes are a threeway plus simazine or atrazine or Manor or Blade plus simazine or atrazine. Apply early (between December and March 1) before the weeds get big.

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Carpetweed

– (Mollugo verticillata)

Monument (trifloxysulfuron) will control carpetweed. Atrazine or simazine applied preemergence or early postemergence are also effective.Turflon Ester (triclopyr) will provide fair to good control of this weed. Threeways, unless they contain triclopyr, are generally ineffective.

Carpet Weed Lawn Care Macon / Warner Robins

Cat’s Ear Dandelion

– (Hypochaeris radicata)

Cat’s ear dandelion may be effectively controlled in the fall or spring with two, three, and fourways broadleaf herbicides, as well as with metsulfuron.

Cat's Ear Weed Lawn Care Macon / Warner Robins

Common Chickweed

– (Stellaria media)

Effective chickweed control requires a tank mix of a postemergence herbicide with simazine oratrazine. Typical mixes are a threeway plus simazine or atrazine or Manor or Blade plus simazine or atrazine. Apply early (between December and March 1) before the weeds get big.

Chick Weed Lawn Care Macon / Warner Robins

Sticky Chickweed

– (Cerastium glomeratum)

Effective chickweed control requires a tank mix of a postemergence herbicide with simazine oratrazine. Typical mixes are a threeway plus simazine or atrazine or Manor, Mansion or Blade plus simazine or atrazine. Apply early (between December and March 1) before the weeds get big.

Sticky Chick Weed Lawn Care Macon / Warner Robins

Corn Speedwell

– (Veronica arvensis)

Threeways alone do not control corn speedwell. Effective control requires a tank mix of a post emergence herbicide with simazine or atrazine.Typical mixes are a threeway plus simazine or atrazine or Manor, Mansion or Blade plus simazine or atrazine. Apply early (between December and March 1) before the weeds get big.

Corn Speedwell Lawn Care Macon / Warner Robins

Cudweed

– (Gnaphalium spp.)

Cudweed species are biennial plants but are relatively easy to control. Two, three, and four way broadleaf herbicides control postemergence as do repeat applications of metsulfuron (Manor, Mansion, Blade, etc.). Apply in the spring while in rosette stage and before seedstalk formation.

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Crabgrass

– (Digitaria spp.)

Crab Grass Lawn Care Macon / Warner Robins

For preemergence control, apply Specticle (indaziflam), Barricade (prodiamine), Pendulum(pendimethalin), and Dimension (dithiopyr) around March 1 or before crabgrass begins to germinate.

Scotts Halts (pendimethalin) is a good pre-emergence choice for homeowners. For postemergence control, apply quinclorac (Quinclorac 75 DF,Drive, Drive XLR8) to tolerant turfgrasses when crabgrass is less than two tillers or mature. Repeat application in seven days. Use methylated seed oil for a surfactant. Other postemergence possibilities include Tenacity (mesotrione) or Segment( sethoxydim) in centipedegrass. MSMA can be used for crabgrass control but is not labeled for use on residential turf.

Dallisgrass

– (Paspalum dilatatum)

Dallis Grass Lawn Care Macon / Warner Robins

One option is to dig out the clumps with a shovel. Spot treatment with MSMA is legal on sod farms and golf courses. Repeat applications of Tribute Total (foramsulfuron + halosulfuron + thiencarbazone) in late summer and early fall will suppress dallisgrass in residential lawns. Use Tribute Total only in bermudagrass. Another approach is spot treatment with glyphosate. Obviously, this is going to kill some of the desirable grass and leave brown spots in the turf. Two applications of glyphosate are needed. Apply the first after active growth begins in May, and spray again when regrowth appears. This will take most of the summer. Keep the glyphosate spray off non-target plants.

Dandelion

– (Taraxacum officinale)

Dandelion Lawn Care Macon / Warner Robins

The common three way herbicides (2,4D + dicamba + MCPP) control dandelion. Metsulfuron and quinclorac also control dandelion.

Dichondra

– (Dichondra spp.)

Dichondra

The common three way herbicides (2,4D + dicamba + MCPP) control dichondra. Two applications about 30 days apart will be needed. Tank mixing metsulfuron with a thre- way herbicide often improves control.

Doveweed

– (Murdannia nudiflora)

Doveweed Lawn Care Macon / Warner Robins

Products containing atrazine or simazine, Revolver or metsulfuron applied twice 30 days apart provide partial control. Tank mixes of MSMA with Sencor or multiple applications of woor three-way broadleaf herbicide mixtures also provide good control but also can cause injury to some turfgrass species. Tank mixing Quicksilver or Dismiss with these products increases and hastens their activity. Repeat applications of all herbicides or combinations will be needed for complete control.

Facelis

– (Facelis retusa)

Facelis Lawn Care Macon / Warner Robins

Effective control requires a tank mix of a postemergence broadleaf herbicide with simazine and atrazine. Typical mixes are a threeway plus simazine or atrazine or Manor, Mansion or Blade plus simazine or atrazine. Apply early (between December and March 1) before the weeds get big.

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Field Madder

– (Sherardia arvensis)

Control: Glyphosate alone does not control field madder.Effective field madder control requires a tank mix of a post emergence herbicide with simazine or atrazine. Typical mixes are a threeway plus simazine or atrazine or Manor or Blade plussimazine or atrazine. Apply early (between December and March 1) before the weeds get big.

Field Madder Lawn Care Macon / Warner Robins

Goosegrass

– (Glechoma hederacea)

In cool season grasses, use a product containing triclopyr or fluroxypyr. Momentum FX2 (2,4D + triclopyr + fluroxypyr) or T Zone (triclopyr + 2,4D + dicamba + sulfentrazone) are good options for ground ivy. In warm season grasses, metsulfuron (Mansion, Manor, or Blade) or Celsius WG are good choices. Ortho Chickweed and Oxalis Killer (8% triclopyr) is a good choice for homeowners. Do not use on centipedegrass, St. Augustinegrass, or Bermudagrass.

Goose Grass Lawn Care Macon / Warner Robins

Hairy Bittercress

– (Cardamine hirsuta)

The dinitroaniline (prodiamine, pendimethalin, etc.) herbicides do not provide effective pre-emergence control of hairy bittercress. Effective hairy bittercress control requires a tank mix of a post emergence herbicide with simazine or atrazine. Typical mixes are a threeway plus simazine or atrazine or Manor or Blade plus simazine or atrazine. Apply early (between December and March 1) before the weeds get big.

Hairy Bittercress

Henbit

– (Lamium amplexicaule)

Threeways (2,4D + MCPP + dicamba) alone do not control henbit. Effective control requires a tank mix of a postemergence herbicide with simazine or atrazine. Typical mixes are a threeway plus simazine or atrazine or metsulfuron plus simazine or atrazine. Apply early (between December and March 1) before the weeds get big.

Henbit

Kyllinga

– (Kyllinga spp.)

Monument (trifloxysulfuron), Certainty (sulfosulfuron) and Dismiss South (sulfentrazone +imazethapyr) provide excellent kylling control. SedgeHammer + (halosulfuron), while slightly less effective on kyllinga, is safe to use on all turfgrasses.

Kyllinga Lawn Care Macon / Warner Robins

Large Hop Clover

– (Lamium amplexicaule)

Effective large hop clover control requires a tank mix of a post emergence herbicide with simazine or atrazine. Typical mixes are a threeway plus simazine or atrazine or metsulfuron plus simazine or atrazine. Apply early (between December and March 1) before the weeds get big.

Hop Clover Lawn Care Macon / Georgia

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Lawn Burweed or Spurweed

– (Soliva pterosperma)

Lawn Burweed Lawn Care Macon / Georgia

Simazine or atrazine will provide pre- and postemergence control of spurweed if applied early. For best results, apply between Thanksgiving and Christmas. If that timeframe is missed, make the application before March 1. Metsulfuron (Manor, Mansion or Blade) or threeways (MCPP + dicamba + 2,4D) provide postemergence control of spurweed. Metsulfuron or a threeway may be tank mixed with either simazine or atrazine.

Common Lespedeza

– (Lespedeza striata or Kummerowia striata)

Lespedeza Lawn Care Macon / Georgia

Lespedeza is often an indicator of insufficient nitrogen fertilization. 2,4D alone will not control lespedeza or white clover. Products containing metsulfuron, fluroxypyr, or triclopyr are very effective on most legumes. Escalade II, Confront and metsulfuron (Manor, Mansion or Blade) are good lespedeza control products. When using threeways (2,4D + MCPP + dicamba), repeat applications are usually needed. Celsius (thiencarbazone + iodosulfuron + dicamba) should be effective on lespedeza.

Lyreleaf Sage

– (Salvia lyrata)

Lyreleaf Sage

Lyreleaf sage is a hardy perennial with a basal rosette. The flowers can be white or light blue. Metsulfuron (Mansion, Blade, or Manor) at 0.5 ounce per acre will provide good to excellent control. Products containing 2,4-D, dicamba, MCPP, triclopyr, and fluroxypyr are generally ineffective.

Moss

– (Bryum argentum)

Moss

Quicksilver T&O (carfentrazone) at 6.7 ounces per acre in 100 GPA when temperatures are less than 85° F provides excellent moss control. Bentgrass has excellent tolerance for Quicksilver. Do not apply to desirable hybrid Bermudagrass.Quicksilver does not control algae.

Purple Nutsedge

– (Cyperus rotundus)

Purple Nutsedge

This is the most difficult sedge to control. Repeat applications will be needed. Monument (trifloxysulfuron), Certainty (sulfosulfuron), and Dismiss South (sulfentrazone + imazethapyr) provide temporary suppression of purple nutsedge. SedgeHammer (halosulfuron), while slightly less effective, is safe to use on all turfgrasses. Image 70 DG (imazaquin) is an effective herbicide for suppressing sedges in warm season turfgrasses. Image may cause stunting of turfgrasses.

Yellow Nutsedge

– (Cyperus esculentus)

Yellow Nutsedge Lawn Care Macon / Georgia

Not usually a problem in lawns. It is more common in ornamental beds and vegetable gardens. SedgeHammer+, Image, Certainty, Monument, Dismiss, and Dismiss South are all effective for yellow nutsedge.

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Broadleaf Plantain

– (Plantago major)

The common three way herbicides (2,4D + dicamba + MCPP) control broadleaf plantain.Tank mixing metsulfuron with a three-way herbicide often improves control.

Broadleaf Plantain Lawn Care Macon / Georgia

 Buckhorn Plantain

– (Plantago major)

The common three way herbicides (2,4D + dicamba + MCPP) control broadleaf plantain.Tank mixing metsulfuron with a three-way herbicide often improves control.

Buckhorn Plantain

Prostrate Knotweed

– (Polygonum aviculare)

Metsulfuron at 0.5 ounce per acre or dicamba (Banvel, Vanquish) at 0.5 pound per acre will control prostrate knotweed. Celsius WG (thiencarbazone + iodosulfuron + dicamba) should be effective on prostrate knotweed. There are many combination products that contain 2,4D and dicamba including Trimec 992 and Speedzone.

Prostrate Knotweed Lawn Care Macon / Georgia

Purple Deadnettle

– (Lamium purpureum)

Threeways (2,4D + MCPP + dicamba) alone will not control purple deadnettle. Effective deadnettle control requires a tank mix of a postemergence herbicide with simazine or atrazine. Typical mixes are a threeway plus simazine or atrazine or metsulfuron plus simazine or atrazine. Apply early (between December and March 1) before the weeds get big.

Purple Deadnettle Lawn Care Macon / Georgia

Shepherd’s Purse

– (Capsella bursa-pastoris)

Effective control requires a tank mix of a postemergence herbicide with simazine or atrazine. Typical mixes are a threeway plus simazine or atrazine or Manor, Mansion, or Blade plus simazine or atrazine. Apply early (between December and March 1) before the weeds get big.

Sheperd's Purse Lawn Care Macon / Georgia

Spotted Burclover

– (Medicago arabica)

Effective control requires a tank mix of a postemergence herbicide with simazine or atrazine. Typical mixes are a threeway plus simazine or atrazine or Manor, Mansion, or Blade plus simazine or atrazine. Apply early (between December and March 1) before the weeds get big.

Spotted Burlclover Lawn Care Macon / Georgia

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Spring Beauty

– (Claytonia virginica)

Spring Beauty

Manor, Mansion, or Blade (metsulfuron) will provide acceptable control of spring beauty. Apply in February or March. Add 0.5% nonionic surfactant.

Spotted Spurge

– (Chamaescye spp.)

Spotted Spurge Lawn Care Macon / Georgia

Manor, Mansion, or Blade (metsulfuron) will provide acceptable control of spring beauty. Apply in February or March. Add 0.5% nonionic surfactant.

Violet

– (Viola spp.)

Wild Violet Lawn Care Macon / Georgia

Manor, Mansion, or Blade (metsulfuron) are effective violet control herbicides in Bermudagrass, centipedegrass, St. Augustinegrass, and zoysiagrass. Products containing triclopyr and clopyralid (Confront, Turflon), 2,4D + fluroxypyr + dicamba (Escalade 2) or triclopyr + phenoxy herbicides (Cool Power, HorsePower or Chaser) are fairly effective for violet control. These products can be used on cool season grasses such as tall fescue. Repeat applications are usually required. Mid- to late-fall applications are best followed by mid-spring to early-summer applications.

Virginia Buttonweed

– (Diodia virginiana)

Virginia Buttonweed Lawn Care Macon / Georgia

Herbicides provide only temporary suppression of Virginia buttonweed. Products containing fluroxypyr or triclopyr such as Escalade II or Momentum FX2 seem to be more consistent than the standard threeways. However, multiple applications of threeway (2,4D + MCPP + dicamba) herbicides at intervals of three to six weeks do a fair job of suppressing Virginia buttonweed.

White Clover

– (Trifolium repens)

White Clover Lawn Care Macon / Georgia

Threeway growth regulator herbicides quinclorac and metsulfuron will provide postemergence control of white clover.

Wild Garlic / Wild Onion

– (Allium vineale)

Wild Onion Lawn Care Macon / Georgia

Metsulfuron (Manor, Mansion, or Blade) is very effective for wild garlic control and many other winter broadleaf weeds. Apply in late February early March on a warm (at least 50° F) sunny day when there is good soil moisture. Add 0.25% nonionic surfactant. Another option is use of either 2,4D, LV ester, or one of the threeways (Trimec,Triplet). These products are the least effective and require three applications to eliminate garlic. Make the first treatment in November, repeat in March, and again the following November. Do not treat 2,4D-sensitive grasses such as centipedegrass and St. Augustinegrass unless they are dormant. The ester formulations of 2,4D are more effective against garlic.

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